Though Autumn is blazing away in Carson Valley, signs of winter are already starting to creep in.
This checklist can help ensure that you’re ready to enjoy some of those winter activities.
Winterize Your Vehicle
Check or have a mechanic check the following items on your car:
– Antifreeze levels – ensure they are sufficient to avoid freezing.
– Battery and ignition system – should be in top condition and battery terminals should be clean.
– Brakes – check for wear and fluid levels.
– Exhaust system – check for leaks and crimped pipes and repair or replace as necessary. Carbon monoxide is deadly and usually gives no warning.
– Fuel and air filters – replace and keep water out of the system by using additives and maintaining a full tank of gas. A full tank will keep the fuel line from freezing.
– Heater and defroster – ensure they work properly.
– Lights and flashing hazard lights – check for serviceability.
– Oil – check for level and weight. Heavier oils congeal more at low temperatures and do not lubricate as well.
– Thermostat – ensure it works properly.
– Windshield wiper equipment – repair any problems and maintain proper washer fluid level.
– Install good winter tires – Make sure the tires have adequate tread. All-weather radials are usually adequate for most winter conditions. However, some jurisdictions require that to drive on their roads, vehicles must at least carry chains or have snow tires with studs.
Winterize Your Home
– Winterize your home to extend the life of your fuel supply by insulating walls and attics, caulking and weather-stripping doors and windows, and installing storm windows or covering windows with plastic.
– Winterize your house, barn, shed or any other structure that may provide shelter for your family, neighbors, livestock or equipment. Clear rain gutters; repair roof leaks and cut away tree branches that could fall on a house or other structure during a storm.
– Have heating equipment and chimneys cleaned and inspected.
– Insulate pipes with insulation or newspapers and plastic and allow faucets to drip a little during cold weather to avoid freezing. Running water, even at a trickle, helps prevent pipes from freezing.
– All fuel-burning equipment should be vented to the outside and kept clear.
– Keep fire extinguishers on hand, and make sure everyone in your house knows how to use them. House fires pose an additional risk, as more people turn to alternate heating sources without taking the necessary safety precautions.
– Learn how to shut off water valves (in case a pipe bursts).
– Insulate your home by installing storm windows or covering windows with plastic from the inside to keep cold air out.
– Hire a contractor to check the structural ability of the roof to sustain unusually heavy weight from the accumulation of snow – or water, if drains on flat roofs do not work.
Know the Terms
Familiarize yourself with these terms to help identify a winter storm hazard:
Winter Weather Advisory – Winter weather conditions are expected to cause significant inconveniences and may be hazardous. When caution is used, these situations should not be life threatening.
Winter Storm Watch – A winter storm is possible in your area. Tune in to NOAA Weather Radio, commercial radio, or television for more information.
Winter Storm Warning – A winter storm is occurring or will soon occur in your area.
Blizzard Warning – Sustained winds or frequent gusts to 35 miles per hour or greater and considerable amounts of falling or blowing snow (reducing visibility to less than a quarter mile) are expected to prevail for a period of three hours or longer.
Frost/Freeze Warning – Below freezing temperatures are expected.